In 2009, the ABS found that 20 percent of children aged 5-14 played a musical instrument outside of school. Of this proportion, 31 percent did so more than once a week in the 12 months up to 2009.
Playing a musical instrument was the most popular cultural activity for boys (19 percent). This also represented a significant increase in their participation since 2003 (13 percent).
Meanwhile, the most popular cultural activity for girls was dancing (26 percent).