Most practising professional artists surveyed by Throsby and Zednik considered themselves to be established (41 percent were ‘established’, 23 percent were ‘established but working less intensively than before’). However, one in ten said they were ‘starting out’ and a further 27 percent said they were in the process of ‘becoming established’. 
Musicians and composers have the highest proportion of established artists (they also have higher average ages than many other groups of artists). Visual artists and writers have the highest proportions of emerging artists.
The first big professional engagement, solo show or publication was seen as the key moment of establishment for many artists (42 percent of established artists).
 Artists were asked to self-select their degree of establishment at present