Career prospects and earning potential - Creation - Music

Relative to those involved in music, there are few paid employment opportunities

Relative to the number of people studying and practising music, employment levels in paid musician occupations are low.

Recent ABS figures show around 500,000 adult Australians were involved in writing song lyrics, or mixing or composing music, including digital composition in 2010-11. Around 950,000 were involved in singing or playing a musical instrument.

A proportion of these also had a tertiary qualification relating to their participation. Of those engaged in singing or playing a musical instrument, 176,100 said they had had a relevant qualification, and 37,700 have a qualification relevant to writing music.

Very few of these participants earned any wage or salary for their engagement. Further, most of those who did earned less than 25 percent of their total income in this way.


Attendance - Participation - Music
Tag : hobbies

Almost all Australians intentionally listen to music weekly or more, and 57% attend live music events each year, making music the biggest art form in Australia.

By comparison, only 42% of us undertake physical activity for sport, recreation or exercise weekly or more.


Attitudes to engagement in music - Participation - Music

Playing a musical instrument is seen as a valuable activity

Respondents to a survey of 1,000 Australian households agreed that playing an instrument is fun, a good means of expression and provides a sense of personal accomplishment.


Most people agree playing music brings the family together

A majority also agreed that music is a very important part of life and brings the family together.


Many people wish they had learned to play a musical instrument

Many of those who had never played an instrument wished they had – but fewer agreed they would like to learn to play in future. Age appears to be a factor for a small proportion of people.


Creative participation in music by adults - Participation - Music

Fifteen percent of Australian adults create music themselves – mostly playing instruments as a hobby

Fifteen percent of Australian adults create or play music themselves.

Australians who created music (15 percent), did so on average every four to five days (90 times a year).

Three quarters of music creators played a musical instrument (11 percent of all surveyed) an average of 113 times a year (every three to four days).

Nine in ten people that played a musical instrument did so as a hobby.



A large and growing number of Australians work in music as a second job or volunteer

Between 1997 and 2007, the number of people who do some kind of work (paid or unpaid) in the music industry has increased from 260,300 to 335,100 in 2007 (up 29 percent).

Work in the rest of the culture and leisure sector experienced even stronger growth during that timeframe.


Engagement in the music industry, with many involved as live performers

Most of those involved in music industry work are live performers. In 2007 over 250,000 people performed music live, and a further 80,000 worked in another music-related role. The radio sector involved over 100,000.

The growing numbers of unpaid performers suggests that engagement in music is strong – despite no growth in the number of professional musicians.



Creative participation in music by children - Participation - Music

Participation in music in the education system may not reflect broader participation rates

A 2005 National Review of School Music Education[1] reported that just 14.6 percent of year 12 students participated in music in 2004 – well below participation in other artforms such as general art/visual art/craft and performing arts/media.

Analysis at that time suggested that growth in music participation had not kept pace with growth in the number of students over time – with the participation rate falling from 16.4 percent in 1991 to 14.6 percent in 2004. Over a similar time period, participation in the performing arts grew from 24 percent in 1992 to 36 percent in 2004.

In NSW, more recent figures suggest that Year 10 music enrolments may be continuing on a downward trend, dropping from over 7,300 in 2010 to below 6,800 in 2010.

[1]   It is difficult to provide a reliable indication of music participation in the education system across Australia – largely due to different approaches to data collection across States and Territories.


One fifth of children play a musical instrument outside of school – but girls’ participation is lower than boys’

In 2009, the ABS found that 20 percent of children aged 5-14 played a musical instrument outside of school. Of this proportion, 31 percent did so more than once a week in the 12 months up to 2009.

Playing a musical instrument was the most popular cultural activity for boys (19 percent). This also represented a significant increase in their participation since 2003 (13 percent).

Meanwhile, the most popular cultural activity for girls was dancing (26 percent).


Many people lose interest and stop playing instruments in their teens

The Music Education Review noted high attrition rates in music participation in schools – with many students dropping out of music-related activities between Year 3 and Year 12.

A separate survey of 1,000 Australian households found the early teenage years to be the most vulnerable time when people stop paying their instruments, with 30 percent of lapsed players dropping out by age 12 and a further 30 percent by age 15.

Losing interest was the most commonly cited reason for stopping.



Creative participation - Participation - Visual Arts
Tag : hobbies

1.2 million kids do arts and crafts for fun, and almost 2 million adults make crafts like woodwork, jewellery and ceramics.

Creating visual arts and crafts is also the most popular form of creative activity by Australians, with one in five participating.

This makes craft more popular than Twitter, which has 1.2 million users in Australia.


There are more Australians creating visual arts than any other type of art – with craft and photography among the most popular sub-forms

Just over one in five Australians created visual arts and craft (22 percent) in 2009. These individuals were engaged creatively in visual art or craft work every five to six days.

Of these, two fifths creatively participated in craft or photographic work (as an artistic endeavour) every five or six days.

Digital and video art creators participated more frequently in the production of work (every four to five days).



Tag : hobbies

In 2012, over 43% of children aged 5 to 14 did arts and craft as a recreational activity outside of school hours.

Similar numbers of kids visit museums and galleries each year (43%), making visual arts one of the most common way children engage with the arts.


Over 40 percent of children create visual arts and craft as a recreational activity

The ABS 2012 study of children’s participation in culture and leisure activities found that 43 percent of children participated in recreational art and craft activities outside of school hours, while seven percent of children participated in organised art and craft outside of school hours.

Girls were more likely than boys to participate in art and craft activities (54 percent vs. 33 percent). Girls also spent more time on average than boys on these activities in the weeks before the survey.

The study showed older children were less likely to participate in arts and craft activities. Participation decreased from 57 percent children aged five to eight to 26 percent of children aged 12 to 14.

The decrease in participation rates with age is more marked than for other recreational activities such as reading for pleasure and bike riding.


Visual arts and craft is the one of the most popular cultural activities in Australia, but paid employment opportunities are low

Arts and craft’ were among the most common creative activities for Australians in 2010-11. Over 2 million people participated in some form of visual arts activity, and around 1,916,600 participated in some form of craft activity.

For example, almost 1.25 million Australians participated in sculpting, painting, drawing or cartooning (including digital pieces), while over 1.5 million were involved in textile crafts, jewellery making, paper crafts or wood crafts. In comparison, around 950,900 were involved in singing or playing an instrument, and 840,800 were involved in writing any fiction or non-fiction.

Although females are more likely to participate in both visual arts and craft activities, this difference is notably larger for craft activities – 74 percent of participants involved in craft activities are female, while 56 percent of participants involved in visual arts activities are female.

Most involvement in visual arts and craft is unpaid, with around 100,000 participants in sculpting, painting, drawing or cartooning (including digital pieces) earning some form of payment from their participation. Photography and filmmaking or editing fares slightly better with around 122,000 of those involved earning payment from their involvement.