The number of Australians involved in the arts and culture (including those working in a paid or unpaid capacity) increased from 2.2 million in 2001 to 3.4 million in 2007. The ABS 2007 Survey of Working in Culture and Leisure Activities found that 22 percent of the adult population conducted some arts-related activity as a part of paid or unpaid work (excluding hobbies).
Visual arts and craft activities were amongst the most common and fastest growing forms of involvement, although these were largely unpaid.
The most common types of cultural activities which formed part of a person's main job were design (230,700 people), writing (184,300 people), creating artworks with a computer (98,400 people) and designing web sites (83,300 people).
 Arts involvement defined by the ABS includes involvement in visual art activities, craft activities, writing, publishing, performing arts, music, radio, television, cinema or video distribution, designing websites, designing computer games and other interactive software, design, teaching, festival organising, art and craft show organising, government arts departments and agencies. Breakdown of specific areas of interest is shown in the figure below.